PFAS in Military Bases: Understanding the Contamination Crisis

The presence of PFAS in military bases has emerged as a critical environmental concern, casting a shadow over the nation’s defense infrastructure. PFAS, a group of synthetic chemicals, has been widely used in firefighting foams and other applications on military bases for decades.

However, their persistence in the environment and potential health risks have sparked a contamination crisis of significant proportions. In this article, we delve into the depths of the PFAS contamination crisis within military bases.

What are PFAS?

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) constitute a group of synthetic chemicals with widespread applications in various consumer and industrial products. These compounds have found use in items such as firefighting foams, non-stick cookware, and fabrics designed to resist stains.

Notably, PFAS exhibit remarkable persistence in the environment, which means they do not readily break down. They even possess the unsettling capacity to accumulate within the human body over time.

This accumulation is a matter of grave concern due to potential health risks associated with prolonged exposure to these ‘forever chemicals’. It makes their presence in military bases’ water sources a significant and pressing issue.

How Did PFAS Get Into Military Bases

The infiltration of PFAS into military bases can be traced back to the use of aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) as a firefighting tool. AFFF, a water-based foam, was extensively used at military installations worldwide for decades to combat fires effectively. However, the effectiveness of AFFF was attained by including PFAS compounds, which enhanced the foam’s ability to suppress fires.

According to an exhaustive review by the Environmental Working Group (EWG) of Defense Department records, the scope of PFAS contamination is staggering. EWG’s findings reveal that over 700 military installations are likely affected by these persistent forever chemicals.

The Department of Defense (DOD) has officially identified 455 sites where PFAS chemicals have been detected in drinking water and groundwater. An additional 255 bases remain under scrutiny for potential contamination.

It significantly amplifies the total number of DOD sites affected, which now stands at 710. This widespread contamination underscores the critical need for comprehensive and urgent action to address the crisis within military bases.

The Health Impacts of PFAS Exposure

PFAS exposure has been linked to several health problems, including:

  • Cancer: Several types of cancer have been associated with PFAS exposure. Recently, Environmental Health Perspectives in a study found a direct association between PFOS, a type of PFAS chemical, and testicular cancer. The study found that airmen who are firefighters had elevated levels of PFOS in their bloodstream. These men were more likely to develop testicular cancer than those who were not firefighters.
  • Liver damage: PFAS exposure has been linked to liver damage, including non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). NAFLD is a condition in which fat builds up in the liver, and it can lead to liver damage and scarring.
  • Thyroid problems: PFAS exposure has been linked to thyroid problems, such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
  • Decreased fertility: PFAS exposure has been linked to decreased fertility, both in men and women. In men, the exposure can affect sperm production and motility. In women, the exposure can affect ovulation and implantation.
  • Increased risk of birth defects: PFAS exposure has been linked to an increased risk of birth defects, such as neural tube defects and heart defects. Neural tube defects are birth defects that affect the brain and spinal cord, and heart defects are birth defects that affect the heart.
  • Reduced immune function: PFAS exposure has been linked to reduced immune function. This means that people who are exposed to them may be more likely to get sick.

Children are especially vulnerable to the health impacts of the exposure because their bodies are still developing. PFAS exposure can affect a child’s growth and development, and it can also increase their risk of developing health problems later in life.

It is important to note that the research on the health impacts of PFAS exposure is still ongoing. More research is needed to fully understand the risks of its exposure.

Firefighting Foam Lawsuit

The firefighting foam lawsuit signifies a substantial legal struggle emerging in reaction to the detrimental effects of PFAS exposure. Legal actions have been launched against AFFF manufacturers, claiming that they were aware of the health hazards linked to its usage. Yet these companies failed to disclose this information to the public, including military personnel and civilian communities.

These legal actions are motivated by a genuine concern for the well-being of those affected by the contamination. Plaintiffs in these lawsuits seek rightful compensation for the myriad health problems stemming from PFAS exposure.

TorHoerman Law notes that the firefighting foam lawsuit serves as a crucial mechanism for holding manufacturers accountable. It ensures that individuals and communities grappling with the far-reaching consequences of PFAS contamination receive the support and justice they rightfully deserve.

The lawsuit further underscores the imperative of transparency, responsibility, and ethical conduct within the chemical industry to safeguard public health.

What Is Being Done to Address the PFAS Contamination Crisis

Efforts to address the pervasive PFAS contamination crisis in the United States are underway, but they face significant challenges. The U.S. government has initiated cleanup measures at military bases affected by the contamination. It acknowledges the urgency of mitigating the health and environmental risks associated with these chemicals.

Additionally, there is a growing recognition of the need to regulate and phase out the use of PFAS compounds. Government agencies are working on establishing stricter regulations to limit its presence in consumer products and the environment.

However, the complexity of the contamination crisis is evident in the numbers.

According to The Guardian, the cost of remediating approximately 50 contaminated military sites has surged to $31 billion, with a $3.7 billion increase from 2016 to 2021. Unfortunately, the budget allocated for cleanup has not kept pace, increasing by only $400 million during the same period.

This financial gap poses a challenge to adequately addressing the contamination, leaving service members and civilians at risk. The situation underscores the pressing need for coordinated efforts, increased funding, and effective policies.

The journey to resolve this crisis is ongoing. It emphasizes the importance of continued vigilance and advocacy for the protection of public health and the environment.


The PFAS contamination crisis at military installations in the United States is a multifaceted challenge that demands immediate attention and concerted efforts. While steps have been taken to clean up affected sites and regulate the use of these chemicals, the scale of the problem remains daunting.

The health and well-being of service members are at stake, making it imperative for the relevant agencies to prioritize this issue. The PFAS contamination crisis serves as a stark reminder of the importance of proactive environmental stewardship.

It emphasizes the need for robust regulatory measures to protect public health and mitigate the enduring impact of hazardous chemicals. Addressing this crisis demands nothing less than a sustained commitment to safeguarding the health and safety of communities nationwide.

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